A virtual guide to the Union of Comoros, a sovereign island nation in the Indian Ocean east of Mozambique, off the east coast of the African continent and west of the northern tip of Madagascar.
The Comoros consists of the four main islands: Ngazidja (French: Grande Comore), Mwali (French: Mohéli), Nzwani (French: Anjouan) and Maore (French: Mayotte), the contested island of Mayotte is administered by France. The nearest Countries to Comoros are Mozambique, Tanzania, Madagascar, and Seychelles.
The combined area of the volcanic archipelago (including Mayotte) is 2,235 km², compared, the island nation is slightly smaller than Luxembourg or also slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Rhode Island.
Comoros has a population of 770,000 (2015). The capital and largest city are Moroni on Grande Comore.
Spoken languages are Comorian (Comorian Swahili, a Bantu language), French, and Arabic. Islam is the official state religion, 98% of the population are Sunni Muslims.
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Union des Comores (French)
Short form: Comores
ISO Country Code: km, com
Local Time = UTC +3h
Country Calling Code: +269
Capital City: Moroni '(pop. 60,000)
Other Cities: Mutsamudu (pop. 20,000)
Independence: 6 July 1975 (from France, Mayotte remains under French administration).
Constitution: Adopted by referendum on 23 December 2001.
Location: Southern east Africa, group of islands at the Mozambique Channel which separates Madagascar from the African continent.
Area: 2,171 km² (838 sq. mi.)
Major islands: Grande Comore, Anjouan, Mayotte (administered by France), and Moheli.
Terrain: Volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills.
Highest point: Le Kartala (an active volcano; 2360 m)
Climate: Tropical marine.