A virtual guide to Swaziland, the small landlocked kingdom in southern Africa is bordered by South Africa and Mozambique.
The country covers an area of 17,364 km², it is one of Africa's smallest countries, slightly larger than half the size of Belgium, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of New Jersey.
The country is known for its game reserves, the Mlawula Nature Reserve and the Hlane Royal National Park with diverse wildlife including lions, hippos and elephants. Swaziland has a population of 1.4 million people (est. 2015), national capitals are Mbabane and Lobamba.
Autonomy for the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British in the late 19th century; independence was granted in 1968. Student and labor unrest during the 1990s have pressured the monarchy (one of the oldest on the continent) to grudgingly allow political reform and greater democracy.
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Short form: eSwatini
ISO Country Code: sz
Local Time = UTC +2h
Country Calling Code: +268
Capital City: Mbabane (capital, pop. 60 000)
Lobamba (the royal and legislative capital)
Other Cities: Manzini (principal commercial city)
Independence: 6 September 1968 (from the UK)
Constitution: the first constitution was signed into law in July 2005 and is scheduled to be implemented in January 2006.
Location: Landlocked, in East Southern Africa, almost completely surrounded by South Africa.
Area: 17,364 km² (6,704 sq. miles).
Terrain: Mountainous plateau to savanna.
Highest point: Emlembe 1 862 m
Climate: Wet summers, dry winters, from near temperate to sub-tropical and tropical (the seasons are the reverse of those in the Northern Hemisphere).