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International Scientific Council for Trypanosomiasis Research and Control (ISCTRC)

Research and Data

African Trypanosomiasis, commonly known as "sleeping sickness" in human and  Nagana in cattle, continues to be a significant threat to both human and livestock health, limiting land use and perpetuating poverty across the continent. This disease, transmitted by the tsetse fly, is responsible for an estimated 1000 cases in people annually , with  55 million people in sub-Saharan Africa at risk.


To combat this relentless threat, the International Scientific Council for Trypanosomiasis Research and Control (ISCTRC), a vital arm of the African Union Commission, is spearheading efforts to combat the disease. Under the auspices of the ISCTRC, the 36th General Conference will be hosted by Kenya in Mombasa from September 18 to 22, 2023.


The 36th ISCTRC Conference theme is Sustainable tsetse and trypanosomiasis control for socio-economic development. This sets the stage for the conference to delve into past achievements, address current challenges and highlight lessons learnt in order to support Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis (T&T) research and control activities ensuring a sustainable future for all.


This significant gathering will bring together approximately 300 participants, including representatives from 38 tsetse-infested AU-Member States, stakeholders in disease control, scientists from African Union Member States, researchers from universities worldwide, and experts from international organizations such as the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), World Health Organization (WHO), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and others.


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Participatory investigation and trypanosomosis prevalence studied during April 2019 and March 2020 in two selected districts of South Omo, Ethiopia. The study site is located in the gridline of 04.90 to 5.60oN and 35.80 to 36.900 E. Twelve community groups are employed. A cross-sectional study design and 288 animals bled and examined a wet film prepared from the buffy coat. Sixty NGU traps baited with acetone and cow urine were deployed for 48 hrs to estimate the apparent density. Data generated from focus group discussion and trypanosomosis prevalence analyzed using an appropriate statistical package. Proportional piling showed that cattle, goats, and sheep were proportionally dominant with a high median score of 32(14-40), 26(12-33), and 21(5-23), respectively; trypanosomosis ranked first with a proportional median score of 24(13-26) followed by contagious bovine/caprine pleuropneumonia with a proportional median score of 23(19-26) among others. Community unanimously agreed that (W = 0.9) trypanosomosis affects their socioeconomic status and was able to describe clinical signs with significant (p < 0.05) agreement. Tsetse fly (Echut and Kusubo) is the main vector with the agreement of W = 0.9(p < 0.05). 

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