Destination Kenya, a country in East Africa bordering the Indian Ocean in the south-east, neighbouring countries are Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. With an area of 580,000 km², the country is somewhat larger than Metropolitan France or slightly more than twice the size of the U.S. state Nevada.
Kenya has a population of 46 million people (2015). Spoken languages are Swahili and English (both official), and numerous indigenous languages mainly Kikuyu and Luhya. The largest and most populous city and the national capital of Kenya are Nairobi. The second-largest city and the country's chief port in Mombasa.
Revered president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence until his death in 1978 when 2nd President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI took power in a constitutional succession.
The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but are viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December of 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition, defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centred on an anticorruption platform.
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Republic of Kenya
Short form: Kenya
ISO Country Code: ke
Local Time = UTC +3h
Country Calling Code: +254
Capital City: Nairobi (pop. 2.1 million)
Mombasa (665 000), Kisumu (504 000), Nakuru (1.2 million).
Independence: 12 December 1963 (from the UK).
Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania.
Area: 580,000 km² (225,000 sq mi.)
Terrain: From a low coastal plain on the Indian Ocean in a series of mountain ridges and plateaus which stand above 3 000 meters (9 000 ft.) in the centre of the country. The Rift Valley bisects the country above Nairobi, opening up to a broad arid plain in the north. Mountain plains cover the south before descending to the shores of Lake Victoria in the west.
Highest elevation: Mount Kenya (Kirinyaga, 5199 m)
Climate: Varies from the tropical south, west, and central regions to arid and semi-arid in the north and the northeast.